There is no sure way to know whether or not you can bet all columns in roulette. However, some basic strategy fundamentals will help you make informed bets.
First, it is important to understand that betting on all six numbers (0-5) will give you the best chance of winning. Betting on any other number increases your chances of losing.
Second, it is also important to understand that roulette is a very random game. Even if you are betting on all six numbers, there is a chance that the ball will come up another number than you planned for.
Overall, while there is no sure way to win at roulette, following some basic strategy fundamentals can help you make informed bets and increase your chances of winning.